Silat

Silat is an umbrella term used to describe the martial art forms practiced throughout the Malay Archipelago. Internationally it is now called Pencak Silat. Silat is a combative art of fighting and survival and it has been evolved in Indonesia, Malaysia and Brunei Darussalam civilizations for centuries into social culture and tradition. During the colonization era, both in Malaysia and Singapore as British Colonies and in Indonesia as Dutch colonies, practitioners (locally known as pesilat) used the martial art as a form to liberate from foreign authorities.

 

The distinctive forms of silat with other Asian martial arts, such as kung fu, tae kwon do or karate, lie on the cultural aspect. Silat is not only for combative purposes. When accompanied with traditional instruments, such as kendang, silat transforms into a folk dance. In Minangkabau area (the West Sumatra province of Indonesia), silat was the oldest men’s tradition known as silek and it is one of the components to perform the Minangkabau folk dance of randai. In Malaysia, one form of silat known of silat pulut also shows the harmonic silat styles as a dance accompanied by traditional instruments, and so in Brunei Darussalam “silat cakak” also performed with the presence of “gulintangan”. A silat form in West Java province of Indonesia, known as pencak, is usually accompanied with music, notably by the traditional Sundanese suling instrument.

Etymology

A theory states that silat word itself comes from silek from Minangkabau language. Silek was one of the of components to perform the Minangkabau’s randai folk dance components besides bakaba (storytelling) and saluang jo dendang (song-and-flute).

 

The noun silat has a formidable arsenal of terms used to refer to martial arts in Southeast Asia. It can be said in Malaysia as seni silat, seni bela-diri and sometimes ilmu silat. In Sumatra, silat is known as silek and in Java and Indonesia as Pencak Silat. The Chinese fusion of silat is known as kuntao.

 

History

Silat began spreading throughout the Malay Archipelago in the seventh century AD, but its origin is still uncertain. Silat has been acknowledged as a genuine Malay art. Malay people that have inhabited coastal cities of Sumatra island and Malay peninsula, from Aceh in the north to Kelantan, Kedah and Riau archipelago in the south, practiced silat. Contacts with other ethnic groups in the coastal cities had also influenced silat. There is evidence that Chinese and Indian culture influenced the martial art forms. When Islam spread throughout the archipelago in the fourteenth century, it was taught alongside silat. Silat became a spiritual training as well as being a combat art and folk dance.

 

Silat was refined into the specialized property of sultans, panglima (general) and pendekar (warriors) during the Malacca Sultanate, Majapahit and Srivijaya empires. It was the time when silat spread through Malay peninsula, Java, Bali, Sulawesi and Borneo. Malays, in particular in Malay peninsula, consider Hang Tuah as the father of silat.

 

Silat shares the same history in Malaysia (incl. Singapore and Brunei) and Indonesia during the colonial era as a form to liberate from foreign authorities. During post colonization era, silat evolved into formal martial arts. National organizations were formed, such as in Malaysia: Persekutuan Silat Kebangsaan Malaysia (PESAKA), in Indonesia: Ikatan Pencak Silat Indonesia (IPSI), in Singapore: Persekutuan Silat Singapura (PERSIS), in Brunei Darussalam: Persekutuan Silat Brunei Darussalam (PERSIB), as well as in US and Europe. Silat is now included in competitions, particularly during the Southeast Asian Games.

 

Regional usages

In Indonesia, pencak silat was chosen in 1948 as a unifying term for their martial arts. It was a compound of the two most commonly used terms for martial arts in Indonesia. Pencak was the term used in central and east Java, while silat was used in Sumatra. In modern usage, pencak and silat are seen as being two aspects of the same practice. Pencak is the performance aspects of the martial art, while silat is the essence of the fighting and self-defense.

 

In Bali, with a predominantly (94%) Hindu population, silat is a unifying force in each district and almost every village. Formal instruction takes place every morning and evening by one of two organizations: Bakti Negara and Kertha Wisesa.

 

In Malaysia, silat is a term which is sometimes used as an umbrella term for all Malay martial arts. Examples of the forms of silat in Malaysia are the:

 

  1. Gayong Singa Berantai
  2. Abjad
  3. Al-Haq
  4. Alam Cahaya
  5. Alang Samudera
  6. Awang Sulong Merah Muda
  7. Bakawali
  8. Bambu Runcing Rajawali
  9. Bangau Putih
  10. Bantan
  11. Bantan Melaka
  12. Banteng Betawi
  13. Bengkong Putih
  14. Bengkong Hijau
  15. Berembang
  16. Betung Cemati Siguntang
  17. Buah 21
  18. Buah Dalam Tari
  19. Buah Pukulan Yunan
  20. Buah Pukul Mersing
  21. Buah Jatuh
  22. Buah Johor
  23. Bunga Negeri Kedah
  24. Bunga Malaysia
  25. Bunga Raya
  26. Bunga Wali
  27. Cekak Hanafi
  28. Cekak Malaysia
  29. Cekak Harimau
  30. Cekak Pendekar Ahmad
  31. Cekak Lincah Sutan Maakat
  32. Cekak dan Gayong Pahang
  33. Cekak, Terlak, Lintar, dan Spado
  34. Cekam Rimau
  35. Cekap
  36. Cemara Bugis
  37. Cempani Cekalong
  38. Cengkam Harimau Ghaib
  39. Cepat Tangan
  40. Cikalong
  41. Cimandi
  42. Cimande Pecah Tujuh
  43. Cimande Mega Malam
  44. Cimande Lincah
  45. Cindai Alam
  46. Cindai Putih
  47. Cindai Kuning
  48. Cula Sakti
  49. Cula Simanjakini
  50. Daun
  51. Dangwangi
  52. Diam
  53. Gabungan 5
  54. Gayung Tunggal
  55. Gabungan Panji
  56. Gayung Harimau Hitam
  57. Garis Laksamana
  58. Gayung Jati
  59. Garuda Sakti
  60. Gayung Siam
  61. Gayang Lian
  62. Gayung Sri Fatani
  63. Gayong Malaysia
  64. Gayung Zahir 9
  65. Gegaran Petani
  66. Gayong Ghaib Nusantara
  67. Gerak Insan Seni Malaysia
  68. Gayong 7
  69. Gerak Kilas
  70. Gayong Panglima Ahmad
  71. Gerak Gayong Jati
  72. Gayong Karomah
  73. Gerak Sunan
  74. Gayong Pancaindera 9
  75. Gerak Kilat
  76. Gayong 5
  77. Gerak Teras Pasak Bumi Melayu
  78. Gayong Sri Gemuruh
  79. Gerak Jati
  80. Gayong Gerak Serentak
  81. Gerak Kerohanian Gayong Dalam
  82. Gayong Helang Merah
  83. Gerak Ibu Gayong
  84. Gayong Seni Bunga
  85. Gerak Pendekar
  86. Gayong Garuda
  87. Gerak Ilham
  88. Gayong 3 Kalimah
  89. Gerak Sejati Pancar Murni
  90. Gayong (9) Hak Sejati Pahang
  91. Gerak Langkah 7
  92. Gayung Ghaib 9
  93. Gerak Persilatan Sejagat
  94. Gayung, Kuntau Jawa dan Tomoi
  95. Gerak Kuntau
  96. Gayung Khalifah
  97. Gerak Silat Tapak Suci Kelantan
  98. Gayung Fatani
  99. Gerak Panca
  100. Gayung Pancasila
  101. Gerak Panji Alam Setapak 71
  102. Gayung Laksamana
  103. Gerak Lincah
  104. Gayung Kedah
  105. Gerak Tempur
  106. Gayung Ghaib Ghadiwat Panca Purba Gerakan 9
  107. Gerak Jurus Makrifat
  108. Gayung Maarifat
  109. Gerak Ilham Kuntau Kaedah
  110. Gayang Lima
  111. Gerak Seni Silat Kuntau Melayu Kedah
  112. Gerak Silat Lian
  113. Gerakan Suci Mangkubumi
  114. Gerak Tangkas Suci
  115. Gayong Warisan Serantau
  116. Habib Hamid
  117. Halilintar Gerak Laksamana Jebat
  118. Hak
  119. Haqq Melayu
  120. Harimau Hitam
  121. Harimau Sri Rama
  122. Harimau Berantai
  123. Harimau Banten
  124. Harimau
  125. Harimau Jatian 5
  126. Harimau Berantai Kedah
  127. Harimau Sang Saka
  128. Helang Terbang
  129. Helang Putih Perkasa
  130. Helang Merah
  131. Helang Langkawi
  132. Helang Harimau
  133. Hulubalang Melaka
  134. Ikatan Kalam Utama
  135. Ikatan Laksamana
  136. Jabat 7
  137. Jalak Lenteng
  138. Jatuh
  139. Jatuh Ketereh
  140. Jatuh Mata
  141. Jawa
  142. Jawi
  143. Jawa Sunda
  144. Jawa Betawi
  145. Jemaah
  146. Kala Putih
  147. Kalimah Malaysia
  148. Kalimah Yahya Said
  149. Kalimah Serumpun Jati
  150. Kalimah Gempur Jagat
  151. Kampung Rawa
  152. Kenjawen
  153. Kerayong Sendeng
  154. Kera Putih
  155. Kegayungan Acheh Helang Putih
  156. Keris Lok Sembilan
  157. Khatam Maut
  158. Klimunan
  159. Kota Sendeng
  160. Kunci Melayu
  161. Kuningan
  162. Kuntau
  163. Kuntau Jawa
  164. Kuntau Tekpi
  165. Kuntau Melayu
  166. Kuntau Patani
  167. Kuntau Banjar
  168. Kuntau 7
  169. Kuntau Iban
  170. Kuntau Betawi
  171. Kuntau Harimau
  172. Kuntau Ilat
  173. Kenjawan
  174. Langkah 3
  175. Langkah 7
  176. Langkah Pusaka Purba
  177. Langkah Silat Sri Wali Maya
  178. Laksamana Kedah
  179. Langkah Hang Jebat
  180. Lela Pahlawan
  181. Lima Bersaudara
  182. Lian
  183. Lian Buah Pukul
  184. Lian Padukan
  185. Lincah
  186. Lincah Harimau
  187. Lincah Sutan Maakad
  188. Lincah Terlak
  189. Lintar Tanah Datar
  190. Lintar Minangkabau
  191. Lintau Tua
  192. Lintar Warisan
  193. Megat Laksamana
  194. Mega Chemande
  195. Melayu Asli Kedah
  196. Melayu Asli
  197. Melayu Jati
  198. Melayu Pahang
  199. Melayu Pahang (Tok Gajah)
  200. Menanti
  201. Merpati Putih
  202. Minangkabau
  203. Naga Buana Cekak Berapi
  204. Nasrul Haq
  205. Pagar Ruyung
  206. Penjurit Melayu Kepetangan
  207. Pahang Tua (Pencak Desa)
  208. Perkalongan Cimindai Putih
  209. Pahlawan
  210. Perisai Sakti
  211. Paksi Rimau Berantai
  212. Perisai Minda Sejati
  213. Palitau
  214. Pesaka Desa
  215. Pancaindera
  216. Pesaka Terlak
  217. Pancang 12
  218. Pesaka Bahaman
  219. Panca Delima
  220. Pesaka Melaka
  221. Panca Sila Seni Silat Gayong Pongok
  222. Porsigal
  223. Pancasila Gayong Harimau
  224. Pukulan Paris Dendam
  225. Pancaindera Seni Silat Lintau
  226. Pukulan Melaka
  227. Pandinjuan
  228. Pukul Pelaga
  229. Panglima Terbilang
  230. Pukulan Sendeng
  231. Panji Putera Ledang
  232. Pulut
  233. Pasak Bambu Runcing
  234. Pungguk Laut
  235. Panglima Hitam
  236. Purba
  237. Pedang
  238. Pusaka Hang Tuah
  239. Pelaga Pulau Pinang
  240. Pusaka Gayung Panglima
  241. Pelanduk Putih
  242. Perguruan Senaman Gerak Sentuhan
  243. Pusaka Kalimah Amin
  244. Pencak Riak Harimau
  245. Pendekar Muda
  246. Pendekar Warisan Mahaguru Melayu Sejati
  247. Pendekar Ulong
  248. Pendekar Bertuah
  249. Peninjau Sutan Maakat
  250. Permainan 12
  251. Penyatuan Gerak Seni Gayong Sentuhan Badar
  252. Rajawali
  253. Rajawali Tunggal
  254. Rajawali Putih
  255. Randai Minang
  256. Ranting
  257. Rencong Rentak Sembilan
  258. Riak Harimau Cengkam Maut
  259. Rumpun Serantau
  260. Sakabumi
  261. Seperguruan Silat Sepanji
  262. Sabil Seri Indera Sakti
  263. Serimau Putih
  264. Sambar Helang
  265. Serimau Hitam
  266. Sarang Dayung
  267. Seri Cahaya Chemande
  268. Sekebun
  269. Seri Pelandok
  270. Sekubi
  271. Setiabakti
  272. Selangkah Gerak
  273. Setia Hati
  274. Selendang Merah
  275. Sikorek Monyet
  276. Seligi Putra
  277. Siku
  278. Semangat Panglima Hitam
  279. Siku 12
  280. Semandai Dam-Dam
  281. Siamang Laut
  282. Sembah Pahang
  283. Si Pincong Minangkabau
  284. Sempedi
  285. Singa Kandangan
  286. Semulajadi
  287. Si Faqir
  288. Sendeng Malaysia
  289. Silat Kapi
  290. Sinar Ilham
  291. Sendeng Betawi
  292. Siswirama
  293. Sendeng Minangkabau
  294. Spelet Gayung
  295. Sendeng Asli
  296. Spelet Tomoi
  297. Sendeng 7
  298. Spelet Tapak Tiga
  299. Sendeng Pesaka
  300. Spelet Gunung Jati
  301. Sendeng Terlak
  302. Sri Gayung Panglima Ulung
  303. Sendeng Alif
  304. Sri Menanti
  305. Sendeng Harimau
  306. Sukmorogo
  307. Sendeng Cimande
  308. Sumbang
  309. Seni Gerak Silat Sunan
  310. Sunda Asli
  311. Seni Tempur
  312. Sunda Cimande
  313. Sendi Cemara Bugis
  314. Sunda Rajawali
  315. Seni Pati Serendeng Puntong
  316. Sekiambang Sakti
  317. Seperguruan Pencak Silat Mandung Sepanji
  318. Sendeng Jebak Purba
  319. Sadar Malaysia
  320. Selendang Gabungan
  321. Sendeng Nusantara
  322. Seni Pencak Silat Sangkar Rewana
  323. Tadah Kuntau
  324. Tanah Baru
  325. Tapak Suci Warisan Wali 9
  326. Tapak Suci Warisan
  327. Tangkas Tamin Sabil
  328. Tangkisan
  329. Tanjak Pusaka
  330. Tari Kelantan
  331. Tari Kalimah Terengganu
  332. Tari Laksamana
  333. Tarian Maut
  334. Tari Tumbuk
  335. Tari Jawi (Pulut Kelantan)
  336. Tembung Rimau
  337. Tempur Sendeng Banjar
  338. Telapak Natar
  339. Terlak, Lintau dan Kuntau Jawa
  340. Terlak 4
  341. Teralak Asli
  342. Terlak Nata
  343. Terlak Warisan Pendekar Pin
  344. Titi Pinang
  345. Tinkah Maut
  346. Tokku
  347. Tok Perpat
  348. Tongkat
  349. Tongkat Rimau
  350. Wali Suci
  351. Wali Tujuh Sejagat
  352. Warausah
  353. Warisan Gerak Ilham
  354. Warisan Bugis
  355. Warisan Silat Minangkabau Laksamana
  356. Warisan Perlis
  357. Warisan Belebat To’ Perpat
  358. Warisan Melayu Minangkabau
  359. Wira Melayu
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6 Responses to “Silat”

  1. [...] bookmarks tagged silatBuy Horizon Cross Trainers at Argos Sports Free Delivery Silat « Daplanner’s Blog saved by 3 others     laxman2414 bookmarked on 12/11/08 | [...]

  2. Razif zin Says:

    Thnx 4 all.sy anak kepada cikgu md zin guru cimandi pecah tujuh.jika ada sebarang pertanyaan hubungi sy di 0122432193

  3. Jika anda ingin berkongsi cerita mengenai perguruan anda, sila email saya di firdausmohamadnoor@gmail.com. Insyaallah, saya akan upload mengenai perguruan anda di sini. Saya di dalam proses untuk mengumpul mengenai latar belakang perguruan silat melayu dan ingin berkongsi dengan semua orang……

  4. betul adakah “Kuntau Iban” ataupun hanya sekadar nama???Kalau ada siapa dioarang punya Tuan Guru ??
    jangan marah tanya saja..

  5. Invest Malaysia…

    [...]Silat « Daplanner’s Blog[...]…

  6. Informasi Online Organisasi Wong Jawa Keluyuran di Sumatera…

    [...]Silat « Daplanner’s Blog[...]…

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